Just about 1000 years ago, when the Vikings ruled the northern seas of Europe a little castle was built near today´s Tallinn at the suburban Iru. If they were the first conquers of Tallinn (then known as Reval) isn’t to know but 1219 a Danish king named Valdemar II landed in Estonia and through history many followers complied. After the Danes came the Germans then the Swedes (1561-1721) and later on the Russians/Soviets. Perhaps it was for the beauty of the town and the strategic location the rulers came. Whatsoever it should last until 1918 when Estonia became independent for a short time that lasted until 1940 when Soviet troops occupied Estonia. However on August 20th 1991 Estonia declared its independence and from that day this exiting city is sparkling with optimism and attitude. This city is a thrill to discover and a beautiful atmosphere.
Arab (from the Almoravid Dynasty) geographer Muhammad Al-Idrisi entered it in his map of the world as Revala (today´s Tallinn).
As a part of Northern Crusaders, Valdemar II of Denmark leads the Danish Fleet towards Estonia. The Danish Army defeated the Estonians in the Battle of Lyndanisse. The Danes built a large fortress at Toompea Hill and rule Tallinn and Northern Estonia.
Member of the Hanseatic League – a mercantile and military alliance of German-dominated cities around the Baltic Sea.
The Danes sold Tallinn along with their other land possessions in northern Estonia to the Teutonic Knights (German based Roman Catholic religious order/military order). At this time Revala (today´s Tallinn) was very well fortified with city walls and 66 defence towers.
Tallinn politically became a dominion of Sweden
A big plaque epidemic ravaged Tallinn
A great fire destroyed all but two building at the Toompea Hill.
The Swedish troops based in Tallinn capitulated to Imperial Russia. The local self-government institutions (Magistracy of Reval and Chivalry of Estonia) retained their cultural and economical autonomy within Imperial Russia as the Duchy of Estonia
The Magistracy of Reval was abolished. The 19th century brought industrialization of the city and the port kept its importance. During the last decades of the century russification measures became stronger.
The Independence Manifesto was proclaimed in Tallinn, followed by Imperial German occupation and a war of independence with Russia
Estonia became independent and Tallinna (today´s Tallinn) replaced the former used official German name Reval.
Russia acknowledged the independence of the Estonian Republic when the Tartu Peace Treaty was signed with Soviet Russia. Tallinn became the capital of an independent Estonia.
The official spelling of the city name was changed from Tallinna to Tallinn.
Soviet Union (USSR) occupies Estonia
1941 – 1944
Estonia was occupied by Nazi Germany
Once again Russia occupied Estonia and Tallinn
For 10 days was the Olympic Fire burning at Tallinn Olympic Yachting Centre in Pirita, north – east of Tallinn when the city was the sailing centre for the Moscow Olympic Games
In August was the independent democratic Estonian state re-established. Tallinn became on August 20 once again the capital of the independent country Estonia
Tallinn´s Old Town is put on the UNESCO´s World Heritage List
Estonia joined the EU, along with Latvia and Lithuania